Twenty years after the 1994 Rwandan genocide, members of the Notre Dame community commemorated the lives of the victims and prayed for healing with a memorial mass at the Basilica of the Sacred Heart on Monday, April 7.Some 1 million Rwandans perished during one hundred days of violence directed by Hutu Rwandans against Tutsi Rwandans. In addition to remembering the immense loss of life, the mass memorialized four members of the Congregation of Holy Cross who perished in the genocide: Brothers Eulade Gasasira, Jean-Baptiste Mundeli, Leonard Karemangingo and Fr. Claude Simard.Alice Cyusa, a Notre Dame budgets and grants coordinator who is from Rwanda, organized the event with the help of Dr. Catherine Bolten of the Kellogg Institute of International Studies and Fr. Paul Kollman. She said the mass emphasized prayer and remembrance as forms of memorial. ANNETTE SAYRE | The Observer The presider of the memorial mass for the victims of the 1994 Rwandan genocide delivers his homily. The violence claimed nearly 1 million lives, including three Holy Cross brothers and one priest.“As a Christian [and] as a Catholic, I think a memorial mass is the best way to celebrate the lives of lost loved ones, but also the best way to support genocide survivors,” Cyusa said. “Here in South Bend, we have many Rwandan genocide survivors. Praying with them and for them and asking God to continue to strengthen their faith is very important to me.”Cyusa said April 7 has served as a day of remembrance for the Rwandan genocide since the initial tragedy, making it the ideal day for the memorial mass.“Every year on April 7, people from all over the world come together with Rwandans to learn about and commemorate the genocide against the Tutsi,” Cyusa said.Cyusa said this memorial mass was important for the Notre Dame community due to its focus Holy Cross brothers and priests.“For the first time, we celebrated the lives of the CSC brothers who were killed during the genocide,” Cyusa said.At the international level, Cyusa said the twentieth anniversary will be commemorated through the Kwibuka 20 movement. Cyusa said “kwibuka” means “remember” in Kinyarwanda and describes a commitment to renewal and unity valued by the Rwandan people.“Rwandans are resilient people,” Cyusa said. “Rwanda as a nation, as one people overcame hatred as many of the perpetrators came forward and asked for forgiveness. In Rwanda, survivors, victims and neighbors are united with people who participated in the genocide. That is the Rwandan spirit, to which Rwanda owes the survival.”Tags: Basilica of the Sacred Heart, Rwandan Genocide
(REUTERS)-India opener Lokesh Rahul fell agonisingly short of his maiden Test double century as he helped his team to 391 for four in a robust reply to England’s first innings total of 477 in the fifth and final Test in Chennai yesterday.The elegant right-hander made 199 before throwing his wicket away and squatting at the crease, head-in-hands, after the anti-climactic end to a stellar 311-ball knock.India, who have taken an unassailable 3-0 lead in the series, finished day three at the MA Chidambaram Stadium, on course for a first-innings lead.Karun Nair was batting on 71, his maiden Test fifty, at stumps with Murali Vijay, who dropped down the order following a shoulder injury, on 17 at the other end.Rahul featured in century-plus stands with stop-gap opener Parthiv Patel and number five Nair to provide the bedrock of India’s reply.Resuming on 60 for no loss, the hosts got off to a solid start with their make-shift opening pair of Rahul and Patel adding 152 runs.Rahul was particularly harsh on debutant Liam Dawson, twice stepping out against the left-arm spinner to hit him for sixes in the morning session.Patel made a career-best 71 before falling to Moeen Ali, having impressed as he and Rahul combined to forge India’s first century-plus opening stand in 32 innings.Drafted into the side after the second test to replace the injured Wriddhiman Saha, Patel kept wicket for over 157 overs and then returned to partner Rahul after regular opener Vijay sustained the injury.England claimed two big wickets after lunch with Cheteshwar Pujara edging Ben Stokes and Stuart Broad dismissing the in-form Virat Kohli with a slow leg-cutter which the India captain drove straight to short cover.Kohli made 15 and it was the first time in the series that the Indian run-machine was dismissed for a sub-40 score.Rashid followed it with a tossed up innocuous delivery way outside the off-stump and Rahul offered a reckless shot, lobbing the ball to Jos Buttler at cover point.“I will always have to live with it,” Rahul said of the shot.“I didn’t get a double hundred, I played a horrible shot. It will take some time to sink in. I thought I would get a double hundred with ease. I just have to come back stronger,” he added.ENGLAND 1st innings 477 (M. Ali 146, J. Root 88, L. Dawson 66no, A. Rashid 60)India 1st innings (Overnight: 60-0)L. Rahul c Buttler b Rashid 199P. Patel c Buttler b Ali 71C. Pujara c Cook b Stokes 16V. Kohli c Jennings b Broad 15K. Nair not out 71M. Vijay not out 17Extras (lb-2) 2Total (for 4 wickets, 108 overs) 391Fall of wickets: 1-152 P. Patel,2-181 C. Pujara,3-211 V. Kohli,4-372 L. RahulTo bat: R. Ashwin, R. Jadeja, A. Mishra, I. Sharma, U. YadavBowling: S. Broad 18 – 4 – 46 – 1,J. Ball 15 – 1 – 50 – 0, M. Al 24 – 1 – 96 – 1,B. Stokes 9 – 1 – 37 – 1, A. Rashid 17 – 0 – 76 – 1,L. Dawson 23 – 3 – 72 – 0, J. Root 2 – 0 – 12 – 0.