25 November 2011 As South Africa prepares to mark 16 Days of Activism for No Violence Against Women and Children, human rights activists have called on men in the Eastern Cape to stand up against rape, “corrective rape” and child molestation. Addressing a small crowd at a men’s indaba in East London on Wednesday, the founding member of gender-based anti-violence NGO Men for Change, Nkosohlanga Mkonjwa, said socialisation and the roles of girls and women within the family dynamic needed to change if a shift in society’s attitudes towards women was to happen.Change in attitudes called for “Our women and girls need to be more empowered in their roles in a family,” Mkonjwa said. “The belief that ‘Johnny must kick the ball while Suzie sweeps the floor’ creates an environment in which men feel superior to women, and this manifests itself in society where men believe they can do with women what they please.” Human rights activist and provincial legislature member Nomsisi Bata said that as long as women could walk the streets at night without the fear of being raped, they had not yet tasted liberation in the true sense of the word. Bata urged young men to “stand up tall like real men should” and champion the struggle against women and child abuse in society.‘It’s up to the youth’ “If anyone can get the message across to the perpetrators of these crimes, it’s the youth,” she said. “They are the ones who can relate to these people because most of [the perpetrators] are in their age group.” Eastern Cape Men’s Sector NGO chairperson Reverend Lulama Ntshingwa expressed concern over the high failure rate of the province’s men’s organisations due to lack of funding. He said, however, this would not deter their organisations’ fight against women and child abuse in the country. “We’ll be out in full force during the [16 Days of Activism] celebrations in Mqanduli on 25 November to show our unwavering support for women and children.” Referring to the phenomenon of ritual murders, Ntshingwa said: “The realities of our social constructs and moral fibre that define society have become quite scary. We can’t live in a society where we have our women’s and children’s private parts being sliced off just to make a quick buck.” He said men needed to take a firmer stance against those who commit such atrocities by making their voices heard. Source: BuaNews
21 January 2014 Team MTN-Qhubeka completed its first race of the season in Gabon on Sunday, with new signing Linus Gerdemann finishing fifth overall in the La Tropicale Amissa Bongo, Songezo Jim picking up the award for most combative rider, and Ferekalsi Debesay winning the fourth stage of the race.‘Really happy’ “I’m really happy with how things went,” Gerdemann declared at the end of the final stage. “To finish in the top five in my first race for over a year is good. I came here to get some racing in the legs and I felt very strong. I was also surprised by the level of the racing here. I think it was a very good advert for African cycling. “I wasn’t surprised by Ferekalsi’s win at all because from the first day he was so strong,” Gerdemann added. “The guys on the team are incredible and have huge potential and myself and John-Lee [Augustyn] in particular used his experience to help the younger guys. “I am excited for the season ahead,” he concluded.Aggressive The South African team was aggressive throughout the race and made the main escape of each day, which was the plan explained Sports Director Kevin Campbell. “Overall the team rode really well and we were in the racing every day, except for maybe today,” he said. “The guys were working well together and they really gelled, which is great for the first race of the season. Ultimately we would have liked a little more, but it doesn’t always go according to plan. “We’re happy to have won a stage,” Campbell added. “This is our third participation in the race and we’re happy to walk away with a victory. “We would have liked to achieve more in GC [general classification] and place a rider on the podium, but there was some really good opposition here this year.”Training Team MTN-Qhubeka will next turn its attention to training camps in South Africa and Mallorca, Spain, where the riders prepare for the South African National Championships and the European season, which is set to get underway shortly. SAinfo reporter
It seems odd to be thinking about next winter’s heating already, but a lot of us are. While the pre-buy contracts for heating oil last winter were for about $2.25 per gallon, it looks like the price this coming winter will be double that, and local companies aren’t even offering pre-buys. So you could be paying even more come January or February. Filling a 275-gallon oil tank today costs over a thousand dollars. It’s scary.Ten years ago, an average family in New England was spending about four percent of the household budget on energy; today it’s more like 20%. For lower-income homeowners and renters, that percentage can be far higher. And a lot of residents in the area are not going to be able to afford to heat their homes. This has a lot of us very concerned; the Dummerston Energy Committee (Vermont) has been focusing intensively on these concerns over the past couple months.What can we do about it? How can we contain these rising costs of energy—not only for heating our homes, but also for powering our electric appliances and driving to work?Well, there’s a lot that can be done. In this weekly column, I’ll share strategies for buttoning up your homes, choosing more efficient lights and appliances, and using less gasoline to get around. Each week I’ll pick a specific topic, provide some background, then offer practical solutions to save energy and money. Most weeks, I’ll focus on low-cost measures that are easy to implement, but I’ll also address bigger, more involved projects that offer significantly greater savings potential.We would be in a lot better shape today, had our policy makers heeded those calls for better energy planning 20 or 30 years ago—maintaining President Carter’s leadership on conservation and renewables in the mid-1970s, for example. But instead of looking back at the missed opportunities, we need to look ahead as we deal with the prospect of $5 per gallon heating oil, even higher propane prices, $50 fill-ups at the gas station, and likely increases in electricity prices in the years ahead. What can we do about it?While this column will focus each week on a specific strategy for containing our energy costs, I’ll start out this week with a top-10 list. Since heating costs are what’s on the mind of many of us, I’ll provide a list of ten things that you can do this summer to reduce your heating costs. This is by no means a comprehensive list. It’s a sampling of the opportunities that are out there for saving energy. I’ll leave the details of these measures to future columns—so stay tuned. 1. Get an energy audit of your house. If you’re a renter and pay for fuel, ask your landlord to have an energy audit done. An energy audit will identify where energy is being wasted and provide advice on what to do about it.2. Weatherize your house. Dealing with air leakage is usually the easiest way to reduce heating costs—and improve comfort.3. Install a programmable thermostat (or thermostats) that will allow you to set back temperatures in your house at night.4. Have your furnace or boiler tuned up. At the same time, ask if the nozzle can be downsized to improve energy performance.5. Install storm windows or replace your windows with high-performance models. If you can’t afford either of these options, install a plastic layer on the interior to reduce heat loss.6. Add more attic insulation. If you have an unheated attic, adding additional insulation is relatively cheap and almost always cost-effective. Cellulose is usually the best option.7. Deal with moisture problems. In tighter houses, there is risk that moisture can accumulate. If you have a wet basement, get it fixed with proper drainage. Install and use (quiet) bathroom fans to ventilate moisture from showering, and use your kitchen range fan when cooking.8. Close off parts of your house that aren’t actively used. With forced-air heating, hot-air registers can be closed to these spaces; with baseboard hot water, special valves and piping can be installed to bypass baseboard convectors.9. Replace your showerhead(s) to reduce hot water use. While this isn’t about space heating, if you heat your water with a tankless coil or indirect water heater (operating off the gas- or oil-fired boiler), cutting your hot water use will reduce your fuel use significantly.10. If you heat with wood, get it stacked under cover as soon as possible so that it will be adequately seasoned to burn with optimal efficiency and minimal pollution.
Good thing for the Bolts, they also have a well-ingrained support system in Ranidel de Ocampo, Baser Amer, Chris Newsome, Cliff Hodge and Dillinger. Read Next Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients MOST READ LATEST STORIES Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments But the Hotshots also counted on locals Paul Lee, Ian Sangalang and Marc Pingris to deliver for coach Chito Victolero.The Hotshots drubbed the elimination round standouts NLEX Road Warriors, 89-77, in their quarterfinal duel.One more thing going against Meralco is its hurting import Allen Durham who sprained his ankle in their last game against Blackwater.Durham said he is ready to play but Black is not counting on it just yet.“Everything depends on what type of shape he’s in,” said Black.ADVERTISEMENT Game time is 6:30 p.m. and Meralco coach Norman Black said the Hotshots present “a different problem for us to defend.”Unlike Blackwater, which largely depended on import Henry Walker, Star will force the Bolts to be defensively aware of a lot more weapons.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“With Star, they have a lot of players who can score, a lot of locals contribute a lot,” said Black. “Not saying that their import is not good because he is, but the locals contribute a lot to their [cause].”Kristofer Acox dumped 21 points on NLEX during their quarterfinal duel. He also had 12 rebounds. Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Arellano ousts UP, books Final 4 berth Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight Going by the way both teams reached the semifinals of the PBA Governors’ Cup, you’d think that the Meralco Bolts, which needed two games to survive a quarterfinal duel against lowly Blackwater, would be the underdogs against the Star Hotshots.But as Meralco’s sweet-shooting forward Jared Dillinger put it, “there are a lot of variables” involved when they collide at the start of their semifinal series Sunday at Alonte Sports Complex in Biñan, Laguna.ADVERTISEMENT Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary
Junior quarterback Braxton Miller (5) runs away from a Clemson defender during the 2014 Discover Orange Bowl Jan. 3 at Sun Life Stadium. OSU lost, 40-35.Credit: Shelby Lum / Photo editorMIAMI GARDENS, Fla. — Visibly exhausted, battered and bruised, Ohio State junior quarterback Braxton Miller stood covered in grass stains in front of his locker at Sun Life Stadium with a forlorn look on his face. He and his team had just come up short against No. 12 Clemson in the 2014 Discover Orange Bowl, falling to the Tigers (11-2, 7-1) 40-35.After the loss, Miller said he planned to discuss with coach Urban Meyer and strength coach Mickey Marotti about whether he would forgo his senior season and enter the 2014 NFL Draft.“(I have to) just think it out throughout the whole process and how it will go,” Miller said after the loss about his upcoming decision. “I don’t want to make no decision I really didn’t do my research on.”It looks as if the Buckeye signal caller will come back for one more year, though, according to reports by both ESPN and SI.com. No official announcement has been made by OSU. An OSU spokesman had no information about Miller’s decision when asked.Miller was sacked five times in potentially his last game as a Buckeye, taking plenty of hits and scrambling for control as he tried to rally OSU (12-2, 8-1) to its first postseason win in four years. The first sack of the game did the most damage, Miller said, injuring his shoulder.“On the first sack they had against me, I injured my shoulder. I know I landed on my elbow, but it shot right up to my shoulder, and it was hurting real bad,” Miller said.Miller said the injury nagged him all game and his pain level was “about like a nine and a half” on a scale of one to 10, but the last thing he wanted to do was come out.“You fight through it, because you’re a competitor,” said Miller, who did come out for a two-point conversion play after finding senior running back Carlos Hyde for a 14-yard touchdown that gave OSU the lead in the fourth quarter, 35-34.Meyer said he asked Miller if he could go after injuring the shoulder, getting a brief response from the junior: “I’m fine.”“He’s a soldier,” Meyer said during a postgame press conference. “I think on the two-point play he had to come out, but he said he was ready to go.”Miller’s toughness did not go unnoticed by his opponent either.“You tip your hat to a guy like (Miller),” Clemson redshirt-sophomore linebacker Kellen Jones said after the game. “You have to anticipate his move before he makes it, because before you know it, he’s out of there … He’s a great talent and it was great going up against him.”The Buckeye signal caller finished with 234 yards passing, completing 16 of 24 passes for two touchdowns, and running for two more scores. The second of his two interceptions all but sealed the win for the Tigers, though, as he was picked off by junior linebacker Stephone Anthony while trying to hit senior wide receiver Corey “Philly” Brown over the middle with less than 90 seconds left.“I didn’t see (Anthony). It was good coverage, I’ll give him props,” Miller said about the interception. “That’s why he’s on the field too, he got a scholarship as well. He made a good play on the ball and I thought I had a man wide open, and he jumped right in front of it.“I thought I had Philly on a bender, and it was my mistake,” Miller said. “I’m not going to complain about anything, I’ve just gotta fix it.”It appears that Miller is planning to fix those mistakes in Columbus as he prepares for his senior season, despite alluding to the possibility of leaving early over the past month.“Oh, yeah. Of course. Definitely,” Miller said Dec. 18 when asked if he felt like his skills translated to the professional ranks. “Just like I came from high school. Coaches going to get you prepared, get you mentally ready for everything that you need to get ready for. It’s another step in life.”If he does stay, Miller knows one man will play a huge part in getting ready for the next stage of his life.“I’ve got to think hard about it. I will talk to coach Meyer and see what he thinks,” Miller said. “He’s been through the process many times, so that’s the guy to go to. He never steers you wrong and ever since I got here, he took me under his wing and taught me a lot of things.”
Redshirt-senior Kevin Metka (center) is congratulated by teammates before being recognized in a Senior Day ceremony on April 12 at the Varsity Tennis Courts. The ceremony followed a 4-0 OSU win over Purdue. Credit: Mark Batke / Photo editor
Understanding why green wave breakdown occurs may improve the green wave synchronization strategy and improve traffic flow in urban areas. Citation: Physics of ‘green waves’ could make city traffic flow more smoothly (2013, May 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-05-physics-green-city-traffic-smoothly.html Kerner’s paper, “The physics of green-wave breakdown in a city,” is published in a recent issue of EPL.Many large cities around the world, especially in Europe and the US, synchronize traffic lights on the busiest streets to create green waves. When a green wave works as intended, all vehicles within the wave can drive through a sequence of green traffic lights at a certain speed without having to stop at the signals. The timing of the lights can be controlled either by sensors or timers, and can be set up for traffic in one direction or both directions. Green waves have several benefits, such as allowing for higher traffic loads, reducing traffic jams, controlling traffic speed, reducing fuel consumption and emissions, and facilitating bicycle and pedestrian traffic.The biggest disadvantage of green waves is that, when the wave is disturbed, the disturbance can cause traffic problems that can be exacerbated by the synchronization. In such cases, the queue of vehicles in a green wave grows in size until it becomes too large and some of the vehicles cannot reach the green lights in time and must stop. This is called over-saturation. As more and more vehicles stop, the traffic can cause a gridlock where vehicles can’t move forward even when the light turns green because vehicles are backed up at the light ahead, which may still be red or turning green at the same time.The physics of this green wave breakdown has not been thoroughly studied until now. In his paper, Kerner used two kinds of models to investigate the underlying mechanisms. He identified several general features of green wave breakdown that are independent of the traffic flow model used, and also discovered that the physical characteristics of green wave breakdown depend crucially on which model is used. In one model, called a three-phase model, green wave breakdown occurs due to an initial speed disturbance (for example, a car turning onto the main road from a side street) that causes a moving synchronized flow pattern (MSP). In an MSP, vehicles move slower than in the initial free flow of green wave, causing delays that destroy the green wave synchronization with the traffic lights. The result is oversaturated traffic at the traffic signals.In the other model, called a two-phase model, an initial speed disturbance does not cause an MSP and the delays associated with MSPs. However, if the initial speed disturbance is large enough, and there is a large number of vehicles in the wave, then oversaturation and green wave breakdown can still occur. In both models, Kerner found that one or more phase transitions are involved in the breakdown process. Also, breakdown occurs with a certain probability of less than 1; in simulations runs with the same parameters, breakdown occurs at some times but not at others.While the models offer a theoretical explanation of how green wave breakdown may occur, experimental tests are needed to gather data and determine which model best fits the data. Kerner hopes that an empirical test will be performed in which the vehicle speed and flow rate are measured both upstream and downstream of a synchronized traffic signal. By studying speed disturbances and the possible emergence of MSPs, researchers could then determine the initial disturbances and how they lead to green wave breakdown.”This would be a very interesting test for an EU project,” Kerner told Phys.org. “However, as far as I know, there are no EU programs for such empirical studies of signal control. The problem is that my theory contradicts all classical theories of urban traffic, which, as is well known, do not work in the real world.” What causes traffic gridlock? More information: Boris S. Kerner. “The physics of green-wave breakdown in a city.” EPL, 102 (2013) 28010. DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/102/28010 Explore further © 2013 Phys.org. All rights reserved. Journal information: Europhysics Letters (EPL) (Phys.org) —If you’ve been lucky enough to catch all the green lights as you drive down a busy street, you may have been benefiting from intentional synchronization called a “green wave.” The green wave concept has been around in the US since the 1920s, but it doesn’t always work as it should. When traffic gets backed up for some reason, “green wave breakdown” occurs. In a new paper, physicist Boris Kerner at the University of Duisburg-Essen in Essen, Germany, has modeled and analyzed the causes of green wave breakdown, and the results may lead to better coordinated green waves and more efficient traffic flow. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
In a welcome move, the Supreme Court has advised the central government to make milk adulteration a punishable offence with punishment amounting to life imprisonment for anyone who indulges in the dubious practice. The apex court has suggested to the central government that the Food Safety and Standards Act be amended in the approaching winter session of Parliament and also said that the unethical practice should be completely curtailed in the states as well. If we look at some of the facts that the National Survey on Milk Adulteration 2011 brought forth we would be appalled to know that Indians are consuming water, detergents, urea, starch, glucose, caustic soda and formalin in the name of milk. Also Read – Working on improving tiesWhat is even more disturbing is the fact that these contaminants are not only being used to increase the thickness and viscosity of milk but are primarily being used as preservatives to help the milk being preserved for a longer time. States like Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal, Mizoram, Jharkhand and Daman & Diu have a 100 per cent non conformity record with food safety standards. How can a reason as absurd as difference between demand and supply of milk be given to cover for the criminal act? If there is shortage of milk, it is due to the fact that milch cattle are kept underfed and in unsanitary conditions. There is no regulation to keep a check on the conditions that they survive in and the central and the state government’s should make it mandatory for cattle owners to feed them properly, clean their surroundings everyday and not let them roam as stray animals where they are stoned and are severely abused too. Also Read – Political parties and our RepublicPeople living in the tremendously expanding urban agglomerations have to bear the brunt of this menace in far greater numbers than their rural counterparts. This is an understood fact as milk producers in rural India practise active animal husbandry whether or not they are given any sort of incentive by the respective state or the central government. In urban areas on the contrary, the milk producing livestock is unabatedly exploited due to the demand that needs to be met. The apex court has rightly pointed out that the six months punishment mentioned in the Food Safety and Standards Act is grossly inadequate. The court had also earlier asked states to amend the law as has been done by Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Odisha. Even the Indian Council of Medical Research in a report published long back had mentioned that detergents, caustic soda, formalin and even water in milk cause food poisoning and gastrointestinal complications and that the other synthetic compounds cause impairments, heart problems, cancer and even death. The centre should act on its own accord and make the states fall in place too.