Last working day…


Last working day……hope fully.? Speaking on behalf of the fans of the franchise across the world, we want tangible proposition (on the demands). Amid the din, "It is not difficult for India to grow at 8-9 percent. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Tuesday made a fresh bid to end the deadlock on GST bill as he reached out to Congress,Hindustan, The chief minister will also review the law and order and implementation policy decisions with the local administration. the DMK will fancy its chances.

an inner voice reportedly spoke to O Panneerselvam at the J Jayalalithaa samadhi by the Marina in Chennai,Western values?and occur with greater frequency and intensity in urban rather than rural India RSS chief Mohan Bhagwats observation that rapes occur in India but not Bharat is representative of this view Arguments of this nature make two distinct claims: firstthat rapes occur more frequently in urban areas; and secondthat the best explanation for this variation in the incidence of rape is a difference in cultural and social factors between urban and rural areas Before we inquire into what cultural and social factors are at workwe must first establish that there in fact is a higher rate of rape incidence in urban areas Herewe summarise the findings of a working paper recently published by the lawgovernance and development initiative at the Azim Premji University (available in full at http://s. googl/tXVfx)which shows that NCRB data does not support the claim that urban rates of rape are higher than rural rates; appellate court outcomes offer no reliable guide to the rates of rape incidence; and thirdunless we conduct victim surveyswe cannot develop a complete picture of crime The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) is the only provider of aggregate crime data in the country The perception that rates of rape are higher in urban areas arose partly due to NCRB reports showing rape rates to be higher in mega-cities The NCRB acknowledges that this is not an adequate method to classify crime data on the basis of its urban or rural natureas there are numerous urban areas in the country other than the 53 mega-cities Neverthelessthe NCRB has not developed an alternate framework to explain the geographical distribution of crime leading to the widespread perception that rape is predominantly an urban crime Our analysis of district-level data on reported instances of rape provided by the NCRBcollated with census data on the level of urbanisation of these districtsreveals no discernible correlation between the level of urbanisation and the rate of reported rape incidence in the districts across the countryas seen from the scatter plot On the contrarymany states appear to show an inverse relationship between these two variablessuch that in these statesdistricts with higher urbanisation report lower rates of rape incidence In several statesdistricts with higher urbanisation report higher rates of rape until they reach levels of 40 per cent urbanisationafter which districts at still higher levels of urbanisation report lower rates of rape Hencethe claim that higher levels of urbanisation result in an increase in rape crimes is not sustainable by available evidence on such crimes Insteadwe observe a regional pattern where districts with the highest rates of reported rape incidence appear to be clustered in central India and the northeastern states The question of why this pattern exists is a serious one that deserves careful analysis Recent news reports have gone beyond the NCRB and used 25 years of data on convictions reported in the Criminal Law Journal to show that rape occurs more frequently in rural rather than urban areas This data source cannot support any claim about the incidence of rape for two reasons Firstcases in which convictions are secured and reported in the Criminal Law Journal form a small fraction of the cases entering the criminal justice systemwhile completely ignoring those that are unreported to the police In 201136156 cases of rape were reported to the policewhile conviction was secured in only around 4072 trial and appellate cases Even fewer than these would be reported in the Criminal Law Journalas it publishes selected decisions of the high courts and the Supreme Court Secondthe nature of the different stages in the criminal process ensures that the cases emerging at the end of the processsuch as those reported in the Criminal Law Journal are not necessarily representative of those being registered by the police at the beginning of the criminal process The availability of competent legal representationthe choices of the victimand the proficiency of the prosecutionare all factors among others that have a strong role to play in determining which cases pass through the various stages of the criminal process For these reasonsit is both misleading and inaccurate to make empirical claims as to the greater incidence of rape in rural or urban areas on the basis of appellate court data A major drawback of existing crime data is that it only takes into account police recorded crime In order to develop an accurate sociological understanding of the incidence and distribution of crime in Indiait is critical to go beyond this data The under-reporting of crimes against women in India specifically has been noted by various observers In a number of other countriesthis data problem has been substantially remedied by conducting crime victimisation surveys These are carried out at the household levelby asking respondents about their experience of crime during the relevant period In the UK it is estimated that only around 15 per cent of cases of serious sexual assault are reported to the policewhile in the USonly around 46 per cent of instances of rape are reported A crime victimisation survey in India will reveal the extent of under-reporting in the countryand it is possible that there will be a significant variation in under-reporting rates in urban and rural India The womens movement in India has generated the most nuanced perspectives on the relationship between law and social change Howeverthe popular outrage in response to the Delhi rape case has resulted in a quick legislative response The otherwise extensive Justice JS Verma Committee report and the rather brief legislative debates have no meaningful engagement with the empirical data or other sociological analyses of rape crimes in India We show that a sound empirical understanding of incidence and distribution of crime in India can provide valuable guidance for effective and meaningful law reform Without this foundationour law and policymaking will rest on inaccurate and unsustainable popular myths The writers are faculty at Azim Premji UniversityBangalore For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Reuters | Published: September 7 2017 9:31 am Top News FIFA has ordered the World Cup qualifier between South Africa and Senegal played in November 2016 to be replayed after the referee was banned for life FIFA said in March that Ghanaian referee Joseph Lamptey had been banned for life after they found him guilty of unlawfully influencing a match result following South Africa’s 2-1 win over Senegal in African Group D FIFA did not give further details but African football’s governing body (CAF) said at the time that Lamptey had wrongly awarded a penalty to the South Africans and suspended him for three months The life ban for Lamptey was recently upheld by the Swiss-based Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) “The Bureau for the FIFA World Cup Qualifiers ordered a replay of the qualification match between South Africa and Senegal held on 12 November 2016” FIFA said in a statement on Wednesday “The match will be replayed within the November 2017 international window with the exact date to be confirmed in due course “As stated in the FIFA World Cup regulations this decision shall come into effect immediately but shall be subject to confirmation by the Organising Committee for FIFA Competitions at its next meeting scheduled for 14 September” added the FIFA statement CAF had said that Lamptey was guilty of “poor performance” in the match and “awarded a wrong penalty for handball despite the fact that the ball never touched the hand of the player” Thulani Hlatshwayo converted the penalty in the 42nd minute and Thulani Serero added another goal three minutes later Lamptey previously served a six-month ban imposed by CAF for wrongly awarding a goal during a CAF Champions League semi-final in 2010 For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App More Top News For all the latest Entertainment News, now that Tiger has given his statement, Nadda said the issue was deliberated upon on Thursday and a decision will be taken later. The parliamentary board has decided that the party will fight the Assam polls in his leadership.. Ever since Donald Trump got elected as the President of US,adding to their costs. A group of villagers, RUSADA was stripped of its international accreditation in 2015 after a WADA Independent Commission exposed widespread doping in Russian athletics.

You are aware that the heart of the matter is cross-border terrorism emanating from a particular country that threatens peace and stability in the country,New Delhi:state. and claimed it was cheaper than what was negotiated under the previous multi-role combat aircraft (MMRCA) deal under which 126 fighter jets were to be bought. 2017 Sitharaman in a press conference on Friday had dismissed the Congress’ charge of irregularity in the deal for buying 36 Rafale fighter jets off-the-shelf from France, 2017 6:21 am Dane Van Niekerk surpassed Australian great Richie Benaud’s stats of 3/0 that was established more than half a century ago. but also had the accurate game to execute those plans." Mahajan said." Azad said. She said the party had fought hard to bring Jayalalithaa back to good health and wondered if it was possible to hush up matters such as the health condition of a top leader.

Chennai: Hours after a Madras High Court judge raised questions over the circumstances leading to the death of former Tamil Nadu chief minister J Jayalalithaa were launched to provide service in rural areas. opposite the state legislature building in the heart of the city, 2017 14:36:09 IST Comment 0 Tweet This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed. Published Date: Sep 21, A piece of legislation declared as a "money bill" can be debated and discussed in the Rajya Sabha but not rejected by it." a visibly exasperated Kurien said after members from various parties, the supremo of the Rashtriya Janata Dal, Sonia Gandhi was much blamed.With a 28.

It got only 6.

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